The Revision Guide for Student Nurses (Part I)

Common Veterinary Drugs


  1. What is an adsorbent drug? Give a common example used in the treatment of diarrhoea.
  2. What is meant by the term anabolism?
  3. Local and general anaesthetics act very differently. Local anaesthetics block only the nerves surrounding the surgical site, whilst general anaesthetics produce a complete loss of consciousness. There are however, two very important properties that are shared, what are they?
  4. Most of the drugs acting upon the central nervous system in animals are depressants, however stimulants are used in the treatment of convulsions and respiratory arrest. What term describes drugs that stimulate the cerebral and medullary centres of the brain?
  5. What are the drugs that possess masculinising properties called?
  6. What are the drugs that have a neutralising effect upon the hydrochloric acid in the stomach?
  7. What is the difference between an antidote and an antagonist?
  8. When might the veterinary surgeon administer an antiemetic drug such as Metoclopramide?
  9. Dogs and cats require regular dosing (usually every 3 months) with anthelmintics. What purpose do these drugs serve?
  10. What is the difference between a bactericidal and bacteriostatic drug? (The same applies for disinfectants!).
  11. Antibiotics are produced by certain bacteria that prevent the growth of or destroy other micro-organisms. Antibiotics usually act upon bacteria, but on what other micro-organism might they have an effect?
  12. What is the difference between a broad spectrum and narrow spectrum antibiotic?
  13. Give 2 examples of the use of heparin; an anticoagulant drug.
  14. What is the name of a substance that reduces the volume of urine excreted?
  15. As the name implies, antifungal drugs kill or stop the growth of fungi. By what other name might they be known?
  16. What condition is commonly treated with antihistamines?
  17. What condition is commonly treated with antipyretics?
  18. Give an example of an antisialagogue commonly used as a premedicant drug and explain its use.
  19. What are antitissusives used to treat?
  20. Astringent drugs precipitate protein upon application to the skin or mucous membranes to produce a protective coating. Give 2 examples.
  21. What drugs cause expulsion of gas from the stomach?
  22. For what use are cytotoxic drugs employed?
  23. For what purpose are demulcents employed?
  24. Give an example of a common diuretic drug and explain when its use might be indicated.
  25. Oxytocic drugs stimulate uterine contractions; by what other name are these drugs known?
  26. What do emetic drugs cause? Give 2 common examples.
  27. What is the difference between a laxative and a purgative?
  28. What is the difference between a miotic and a mydriatic drug?
  29. What is the difference between a sedative and a tranquilliser?
  30. What is a vaccine?