The Revision Guide for Student Nurses (Part I)



  1. Define the following terms: dyspnoea, tachypnoea, bradypnoea, hyperpnoea and orthopnoea.
  2. State the normal respiratory rate ranges for cats and dogs.
  3. Fluid in the alveolar spaces may result in dyspnoea. Can you list 4 conditions that could cause dyspnoea of this nature?
  4. List 4 conditions that could result in the collapse of the lungs.
  5. State 2 differences between an open and closed pneumothorax?
  6. Can you list 4 poisons that cause dyspnoea by decreasing the oxygenation of the blood?
  7. What is meant by asphyxia?
  8. What is meant by hypoxia?
  9. What is the term that describes the cessation of breathing?
  10. What is the name of the procedure employed to remove smooth foreign bodies if the patient has asphyxiated and is unconscious?
  11. What is meant by cyanosis?
  12. A Bull terrier is brought to the surgery with a piece of wire embedded in his chest. He is ambulatory but has laboured breathing. List your first aid actions.
  13. Why is it that the dog in Q12 should be encouraged to rest in sternal recumbency?
  14. List 4 clinical signs of respiratory obstruction.
  15. List in order the first aid treatment to be given in a case of respiratory obstruction.
  16. What is the difference between a tracheotomy and a tracheostomy?