The Revision Guide for Student Nurses (Part I)

Wounds, Bites, Stings, Scalds & Burns


  1. Define a wound.
  2. List the 5 main categories of wound and briefly describe each.
  3. List the 4 types of open wound.
  4. Give 4 examples of possible causes of an incised wound.
  5. Give 4 examples of possible causes of a puncture wound.
  6. What is the name of the condition that causes abrasions known as "hot spots", and commonly affects the Golden Retriever?
  7. What is another name for second intention healing?
  8. List 4 differences between first and second intention healing.
  9. List 4 factors that may contribute to a delay in wound healing.
  10. List 8 methods in which patient mutilation of a wound may be prevented.
  11. List 6 important factors to be aware of when looking after a patient with a dressing.
  12. A greyhound is brought to the surgery having cut her stopper pad whilst exercising on the beach. The owner has applied a dressing which is already red with blood. List your actions.
  13. List the dressing materials that you would choose for the injury described in Q11 and state your reasons.
  14. Describe what is meant by conforming and cohesive.
  15. List the 3 types of closed wound.
  16. List 4 signs that manifest following a contusion.
  17. How does the treatment of a recent contusion differ from that of one sustained some hours previous?
  18. What is one of the most common sites for a haematoma?
  19. How does the treatment of a bee sting differ to that of a wasp sting?
  20. Why do cat bite injuries commonly result in abscessation?
  21. Why is it important for a client to seek veterinary advice in the event of their pet suffering a cat bite abscess?
  22. Why can extensive burns cause dehydration?
  23. What is the difference between a burn and a scald?
  24. State 2 possible causes of a burn resultant from excessive cold.
  25. A client arrives at the surgery with a kitten that has fallen into a bath of very hot water. Describe your initial actions.
  26. Describe the follow-up actions that you would take in order to provide the very best nursing care for the kitten in Q25.
  27. State why it is advisable for patients suffering from burns or scalds to be given antibiotic therapy.
  28. List 3 advantages of dressing wounds caused by burns or scalds.
  29. Give 2 reasons as to why dressings used to protect burns should be kept as light as possible.
  30. List the groups of drugs that may be used to treat patients with wounds in small animal practice and give an example of each.
  31. Give 3 instances when a local application of heat may be indicated.
  32. Give 4 instances when a local application of cold may be indicated.