The Revision Guide for Student Nurses (Part I)



  1. What is the correct name for a nosebleed?
  2. What colour would you expect the mucous membranes of a patient having suffered severe haemorrhage to be?
  3. What is the name given to the type of shock caused by severe haemorrhage?
  4. An injured animal is presented to the surgery with fresh blood present on the face. Having cleaning the area, there is no evidence of a wound. How would you explain this?
  5. Why must haemorrhage from the ear always be considered serious?
  6. What type of haemorrhage is characterised by bright red blood spurting forcefully from a wound?
  7. What type of haemorrhage is characterised by dark red blood that issues from a wound in a steady stream?
  8. What is another name for petechial bleeding?
  9. What is meant by primary haemorrhage?
  10. What is the difference between reactionary and secondary haemorrhage?
  11. List 4 possible causes of internal haemorrhage.
  12. Internal haemorrhage may be difficult to detect. What symptoms may be indicative of such a condition?
  13. List 10 signs of shock.
  14. State 3 tests that may be performed to confirm shock.
  15. Describe the 4 main natural factors that help to stop initial bleeding.
  16. List 5 first aid techniques used to arrest haemorrhage.
  17. Where are the 3 pressure points in the dog and cat?
  18. State 3 disadvantages of the application of direct digital pressure.
  19. What is the name of the type of dressing used to prevent overlying pressure bandages from applying direct pressure to a protected area (such as where an embedded, protruding foreign body is present)?
  20. What is the maximum time that a tourniquet should be left in place?