The Revision Guide for Student Nurses (Part I)

Tissue Types


  1. State the size of an average tissue cell.
  2. Define a tissue.
  3. List the 4 groups of tissue and state the function of each.
  4. What are the 3 main components of a tissue?
  5. What is an organ?
  6. What is a system?
  7. What are the differences between loose and dense connective tissue?
  8. What are the 2 main functions of adipose (fatty) tissue?
  9. Where does adipose tissue occur?
  10. What is the chief constituent of dense fibrous tissue?
  11. What is the chief constituent of loose connective tissue?
  12. Name the 2 types of dense connective tissue.
  13. Briefly describe muscle tissue.
  14. What is an alternative name for smooth muscle tissue?
  15. What is an alternative name for skeletal (or striated) muscle tissue?
  16. What is the function of intrinsic muscle?
  17. What is the function of extrinsic muscle?
  18. What tissue type holds the skeletal muscle tissues together?
  19. What is the main similarity between tendons and ligaments?
  20. What is the function of tendons and ligaments?
  21. In addition to muscles, tendons and ligaments; list the 6 other types of connective tissue.
  22. What are the 3 types of cartilage? Where would you find each?
  23. What is the perichondrium?
  24. What is the name of the series of canals running along the length of bone which carries blood vessels, nerves and lymphatics?
  25. How does cancellous (spongy) bone and compact bone differ?
  26. List the constituents of bone.
  27. What are the lacunae?
  28. What is a sesamoid bone? Give an example.
  29. Give an example of an irregular bone.
  30. Give an example of a flat bone.
  31. What is the function of Haemopoeitic tissue?
  32. What are the main cell types that comprise connective tissue?
  33. Name the 2 types of nervous tissue.
  34. What is the correct name for a nerve cell?
  35. Describe a neuron.
  36. What is the name given to the connective tissue that runs between neurons?
  37. What is the neurilemma?
  38. What are the nodes of Ranvier?
  39. Briefly describe the function of epithelial tissue.
  40. Where might the following types of simple epithelial tissue be located: squamous, cuboidal and columnar?
  41. Where would you find compound epithelium?
  42. Compound epithelium may be keratinised. What does this mean, and where would you find keratinised compound epithelium?
  43. Where is transitional epithelial tissue found?
  44. What is the main property of transitional epithelial tissue?
  45. What special property is possessed by intermediate epithelial cells?
  46. Epithelial cells often possess cilia; why?
  47. Where does ciliated columnar epithelium occur?
  48. What is a gland?
  49. What is an exocrine gland? Give 2 examples.
  50. What is an endocrine gland? Give 2 examples.
  51. What is a mixed gland? Give an example.
  52. What is a goblet cell?
  53. Name 2 sites where simple tubular exocrine glands are found.
  54. Give an example of a compound alveolar gland.
  55. Give an example of a compound tubular gland.
  56. Which glands are coiled?
  57. Give an example of a simple saccular (alveolar) gland?