The Revision Guide for Student Nurses (Part I)

Chemistry, Cell Structure & Function


  1. What do the cells of the body together form?
  2. What are the main differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?
  3. What is a macrophage?
  4. What is phagocytosis?
  5. What is pinocytosis?
  6. What is a mast cell?
  7. What structures are common to most cells?
  8. What is the average size of most animal cells?
  9. What type of microscope provides the most effective visualisation of cells?
  10. Is it the number of cells or the size of the cells that determines the actual size of an animal?
  11. What is the material of which cells are made called?
  12. What are the 2 main components of a cell?
  13. What are organelles?
  14. What is the name given to accumulations of cell products often of a temporary nature, such as lipids, pigments and secretory droplets?
  15. Name 2 pigments that may be found within the cytoplasm.
  16. What is the cell membrane made of?
  17. The cell membrane is described as selectively permeable. What is the significance of this?
  18. What is the purpose of microvilli?
  19. What is the function of mitochondria?
  20. What organelle has a secretory function?
  21. What is the function of ribosomes?
  22. Where within the cell are the ribosomes produced?
  23. What is the name of the membranous compartments within the cell that contain enzymes which serve to breakdown organic compounds?
  24. What is the term that describes the death of a cell?
  25. What is the name given to the dense area of cytoplasm close to the nucleus which contains the centrioles?
  26. With what role are the centrioles associated?
  27. What part of the cell is its control centre?
  28. What are vacuoles?
  29. The endoplasmic reticulum is a fluid filled network of membranous tubular structures. What is the difference between rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum?
  30. What is the name given to sites for fluid collection that can be found along the cell membrane?

NB. Cell division is not covered in this module since it may be found in Book One - Chapter 5 - Genetics & Animal Breeding. Please refer to Module 2 - Cell Replication.