Anorexia = Reluctance to eat, inappetance.
Aspiration pneumonia = Acute condition caused by inhalation of material (e.g. food during syringe feeding) into the lungs.
Catheterization = The insertion of a catheter. Examples are urinary catheters, which are passed into the urinary bladder via the urethra, and intravenous catheters, which are passed into a vein.
Coupage = Percussion of the chest with cupped hands; used to encourage the coughing up of thoracic effusions.
Cystocentesis = Aspiration of urine from the urinary bladder via a needle inserted through the abdominal wall. The urine is drawn off with a syringe.
Decubitus ulcer = Bed sore; may affect the bony prominences of recumbent patients.
Dysphagia = Difficulty in swallowing.
Dyspnoea = Difficulty breathing.
Effluarage = Type of physiotherapy involving stroking movements to accustom the patient to touch in preparation for more intensive techniques.
Effusion = The escape of fluid into surrounding tissues or cavities.
Enema = Fluid or semi-solid introduced into the rectum; to promote evacuation of faeces, introduce contrast media for radiography or as a drug route.
Enteral = Within the gastro-intestinal tract; enteral diets are those taken by mouth or stomach tube.
Friction = Type of physiotherapy involving rhythmic, circular motions; aids absorption of local effusions and loosens scar tissue and adhesions.
Geriatrics = The branch of medicine dealing with the elderly and matters relating to them; particularly illnesses.
Gingivitis = Inflammation of the gums.
Hydrotherapy = Treatment of disease by means of water.
Hypermetabolism = The consumption of more energy than that provided by nutrition; body proteins are subsequently utilised as an energy source; autocannibalism.
Hyperphosphataemia = Abnormally high circulating phosphorous levels; this results in the subsequent increase in parathyroid hormone that may lead to renal rickets (rubber jaw).
Hypertension = Consistently high blood pressure measurements.
Hypostatic pneumonia = Fluid build up on the thorax of an animal in lateral recumbency for prolonged periods; caused by the compression of the underlying lung.
Inflammation = Local protective response resulting from injury to or destruction of tissue; characterised by heat, pain, redness and swelling.
Laryngitis = Inflammation of the larynx due to irritation or infection.
Micturition = Natural urination.
Neoplasia = Abnormal cell reproduction; growth of a tumour.
Oedema = Excessive fluid in the body tissues.
Orthopnoea = Difficulty breathing in recumbency.
Parenteral = Apart from the gastro-intestinal tract; parenteral nutrition is that taken by routes other than the alimentary canal (e.g. intravenous fluids).
Petrissage = Type of physiotherapy involving kneading or compression; used primarily on muscles.
Pharyngitis = Inflammation of the pharynx.
Pharyngostomy = Temporary opening into the pharynx; for insertion of a pharyngostomy tube.
Stomatitis = oral inflammation, usually caused by a bacterial infection.
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