The Revision Guide for Student Nurses (Part I)



  1. Describe the 3 types of mineral.
  2. What are minerals sometimes collectively referred to on petfood labels as?
  3. The absorption of different minerals are often linked. What is the significance of this?
  4. List the macrominerals.
  5. Which minerals are required for the maintenance of skeletal structure?
  6. Explain the significance of the calcium : phosphorous ratio.
  7. What vitamin is closely linked with the metabolism of calcium and phosphorous?
  8. In addition to its role in the maintenance of skeletal structure, list 3 other functions of calcium.
  9. What type of diet is likely to cause calcium deficiency?
  10. What condition is likely to result from hypocalcaemia in lactating bitches and why?
  11. Describe nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism.
  12. What conditions may be related to excessive calcium intake in puppies?
  13. In addition to its role with calcium, why is phosphorous such an important mineral?
  14. Vitamin D deficiency disease such as osteomalacia and rickets are associated with calcium-phosphorous imbalance; why?
  15. List the functions of magnesium.
  16. Describe the symptoms of magnesium deficiency.
  17. What condition may arise as a result of a very high magnesium intake?
  18. What are the main functions of potassium?
  19. What are the correct terms for excess blood potassium and insufficient blood potassium?
  20. What conditions may be caused by potassium deficiency?
  21. Explain the significance of sodium and chloride.
  22. What are the correct terms for excess blood sodium and insufficient blood sodium?
  23. What is the most likely cause of sodium and potassium deficiency?
  24. List signs of sodium and chloride deficiency.
  25. List signs of excess sodium and chloride.
  26. List the trace minerals and their functions.
  27. When is copper deficiency most likely to occur?
  28. List the dog breeds which may be affected by an inherited defect resulting in liver cirrhosis as a result of copper toxicity.
  29. Describe the most common presentation of zinc deficiency.
  30. What is the principle sign of iodine deficiency?